Magnolia trees are native to the southeastern parts of the United States; however, with the appropriate care, it can live in almost any climate. Magnolia trees are not an extremely high maintenance tree, but like any new seedling, they need special attention when planting and while maturing. Its always good to hire a tree service company if you don't know what you are doing. A magnolia tree has beautiful thick, green leaves and heavy white blossoms. Here are 4 tree care tips to help with planting and caring for your new magnolia tree.
The first step is to choose the perfect site for your magnolia tree. It should be planted in an area where it will get a good supply of sunshine as well as afternoon shade. Make sure the soil is good, moist and full of nutrients and in an area where there is good drainage and it will not affect the structure of your home. Dig a hole deep enough for the soil to completely cover roots of your seedling, a good rule of thumb is to dig the hole about three times the size of the roots. Before planting put a small layer of tree fertilizer in the bottom of the hole. Carefully place the seeding in the hole, cover the roots with soil, add a little fertilizer and finish filling in the hole, making sure the entire bottom of the seedling is firmly buried.
The First Few Years
Magnolias go through a certain growth phase that is recognizable by an upward growth of twigs with a few flowers, followed by a more mature twiggy phase with a lot more flowers. Magnolia trees typically do not need a great deal of pruning, but during the first year, the older part of the tree should be pruned about 1/3 to increase the growth of new shoots.
Established Magnolia Tree Care Tips
Once the magnolia tree is established, it will not require much feeding, however, an annual application of mulch and rotted compost will encourage the tree to grow strong and healthy as well as increase the moisture retention. Magnolia trees are typically care-free plants once they are established. The most common problem is a type of bacteria that appears on new growth during the earlier part of the season, when the weather is moist and warm. You can limit the overall size of your magnolia tree by annual pruning immediately after it blooms. As long as you leave the small, twiggy flowering wood and all dead wood and long shoots are removed; this will help to compact the tree and allow a shapely flowering display.
There are several types of magnolia trees and each varies on the type of flowers that are produced. Whichever type of magnolia tree you decide on, each year it will have unique and beautiful flowers. The petals do fall at the end of the season as well as throughout the growing phase, but it is best to leave the petals on the ground and over the surface roots, because they will provide the tree with natural nutrients.